'Palestine can now sue Israel for illegal occupation'

Posted on Saturday, December 1, 2012 by van nes

New Jersey train derails, toxic spill reported in creek

Posted on by van nes

'Israeli settlements roadblock to solid peace solution'

Posted on by van nes

'EU total opposite to peace': Nobel winners renounce EU's award

Posted on by van nes

Rebel Bomb blast destroys Press TV cars in Syria

Posted on by van nes

Protesters, police clash in flashpoint Tunisia town

Posted on by van nes

Bankrupt Hostess giving execs bonuses......Guess the 19.000 who lost their Jobs get nothing

Posted on by van nes

A federal bankruptcy judge has approved bonuses for executives of Hostess, the maker of Twinkies, who stay on as the company is broken up and sold off.

On Thursday, as part of a plan to liquidate the company and lay off 18,000 workers, a federal judge in White Plains, N.Y., approved paying 19 Hostess executives bonuses totaling $1.8 million. Hostess has said it has interest from at least 110 firms who want to buy pieces of the operation.

The decision comes as the company, known for its iconic snack cakes like Ho Hos and Ding Dongs, says it doesn't have enough cash on hand to pay retirement benefits to some former employees.

http://gma.yahoo.com/bankrupt-hostess-execs-bonuses-094718695--abc-news-topstories.html

Jovan Belcher, 25, Killed Girlfriend, then committed suicide at a team facility

Posted on by van nes

Reports are still coming in regarding a tragedy involving the Kansas City Chiefs, but here's what we know at this time. Chiefs linebacker Jovan Belcher shot and killed his girlfriend, Kasandra Perkins, at a house near the team's facility on Saturday morning. Yahoo Sports' Jeff Passan, who is on scene, confirmed the name of the player after speaking with local police.

After the shooting, Belcher drove to a location near the team's main campus and took his own life. Per the Kansas City Star, members of the team's staff tried to stop Belcher from committing any other acts of violence before the player turned a gun on himself. The Chiefs' Arrowhead practice facility was evacuated and is currently on police lockdown.

http://sports.yahoo.com/blogs/nfl-shutdown-corner/report-chiefs-player-kills-girlfriend-takes-own-life-154951891--nfl.html

Kansas City Chiefs' player Shoots Himself Dead At Stadium after Killing his Girlfriend

Posted on by van nes

Add caption
An unnamed Kansas City Chiefs' player has died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound after reportedly killing his girlfriend, police have said.

The unnamed player, 25, shot his girlfriend early on Saturday, then drove to the team's practice facility near Arrowhead Stadium and turned the gun on himself as two team officials were confronting him.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019270/nfl-player-shoots-himself-dead-at-stadium

French unions rage at Hollande over Mittal deal

Posted on by van nes

French trade unions accused President Francois Hollande of betrayal on Saturday after his government backed away from a threat to nationalize ArcelorMittal's Florange steelworks.

The Socialist government said on Friday it had won promises from ArcelorMittal to avoid forced redundancies and inject 180 million euros to develop the Florange plant, meaning it would no longer have to take over the site.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/01/us-france-arcelormittal-idUSBRE8B009E20121201

Hamas complains to Egypt after Israeli army kills Gazan

Posted on by van nes

Hamas accused Israel on Saturday of violating the shaky, Egyptian-brokered Gaza truce of November 21 after Israeli troops killed a Palestinian taking part in a protest at the enclave's border fence.

Medical officials said the 21-year-old man had been among six Palestinians wounded by gunfire during Friday's demonstration near southern Rafah, and had later died in hospital.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/01/us-palestinians-israel-violence-idUSBRE8B004T20121201

Alarm in Tehran and Moscow over Bushehr nuclear reactor’s near-explosion in mid-October

Posted on by van nes

http://www.debka.com/article/22577/Alarm-in-Tehran-and-Moscow-over-Bushehr-nuclear-reactor%E2%80%99s-near-explosion-in-mid-October

Added thoughts:
Is Israel willing to kill millions of Iranians and other people, as well as risk the health of their own citizens based on a paranoid hunch for which there is no evidence? Is this what God would want one group of people to do to another? And lastly, why on Earth would any sane Christian support such behavior? Didn't Jesus teach us peace? One wonders if people need to return to their scriptures and refresh themselves, for today's behavior scarcely matches the divine instructions.

Double-decker bus hits overpass at Miami Airport at least 1 Dead

Posted on by van nes

Officials say a bus has hit an overpass at Miami International Airport, killing at least one person and leaving more than two-dozen injured, including three critically. Though the identity of the victim was not revealed, photos of the accident indicated that she is a woman, according to The Miami Herald.

Airport spokesman Greg Chin said the bus, which was a cruise or tour bus, hit the overpass going into the airport's arrivals section on Saturday morning. The bus was going about 20 mph when it clipped the roof entrance.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2241438/BREAKING-NEWS-At-dead-critical-condition-double-decker-bus-hits-overpass-Miami-Airport.html

Europe's 'lost generation': Unemployment reaches record high with 19 million people out of work across 17 countries

Posted on by van nes

European unemployment has reached a record high - with almost 19 million out of work across the 17 countries that use the euro.

More than 10 per cent of people living in the Eurozone are now unemployed with those under 25 struggling the most to find jobs.

Experts said the prospect of a 'lost generation' of young people now looks like an 'alarming possibility'.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2240999/Eurozone-unemployment-reaches-new-record-high-25-hardest-hit.html

John Thompson Jailed at Last

Posted on by van nes

A vile paedophile who blamed a girl of seven for seducing him was finally locked up yesterday - weeks after a judge let him walk free.

John Thompson escaped a prison sentence in July despite pleading guilty to sexually assaulting his victim.

Incredibly, he accused the schoolgirl of pinning him down on a bed after ‘flirting’ with him.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2241125/Paedophile-said-seven-year-old-girl-seduced-finally-jailed-weeks-judge-set-free.html

Welfare state has ballooned to over 12 times its original size, figures reveal as Chancellor prepares benefits freeze

Posted on by van nes

The cost of the Welfare State has risen 12-fold in real terms since its introduction, figures reveal today – as George Osborne prepares to unveil a benefits freeze.

Figures released by the Department for Work and Pensions to mark the 70th anniversary of William Beveridge’s landmark report on welfare, show the cost of the modern system dwarfs that of his original vision.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2241203/Welfare-state-ballooned-12-times-original-size-figures-reveal-Chancellor-prepares-benefits-freeze.html

The shattering of Europe: It's not just Scotland, almost every major European nation faces breakaway movements. History tells us the result could be bloodshed, chaos and suffering

Posted on by van nes

The year is 2022, and in the gilded splendour of his Brussels headquarters, the EU President is facing a tricky dilemma.

Pressure is building on him to finalise his latest budget — yet the problems seem intractable. With so many small new nations scrabbling for funds, agreement seems impossible.

Catalonia, for example, is demanding deep cuts in EU administrative expenses, while the Scots are calling for higher welfare subsidies. The new states of Lombardy and Tuscany are at loggerheads, the Corsicans are still in the doghouse after their government’s latest corruption scandal, and the Walloons haven’t paid a penny into common euro funds for years.

The new map of the Continent, a crazy patchwork of competing states governed by an interventionist European Union, tells the wider story. The age of the strong nations has gone, and Britain has joined Italy, Spain and Belgium on the scrap heap of history.

This may sound a fanciful scenario, yet recent events across Europe — including the looming independence referendum in Scotland — tell a very different story.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2241220/The-shattering-Europe-Its-just-Scotland-major-European-nation-threatened-breakaway-movements-History-tells-result-bloodshed-chaos-suffering.html

At least 32 killed as plane hits houses in Congo

Posted on by van nes

A cargo plane crashed into houses near Brazzaville Maya-Maya airport while attempting to land in a thunderstorm on Friday, killing at least 32 people, a Congolese Red Cross official said on Saturday.

"We have already pulled 32 bodies from the crash site, but there could be more victims," the official said, asking not to be named. The official said the dead included six crew members.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/01/us-congo-republic-crash-idUSBRE8B006720121201

Merkel reaffirms German support for Israel after U.N. vote

Posted on by van nes

German Chancellor Angela Merkel reassured Israel of her country's support on Saturday, two days after Berlin disappointed the Jewish state by abstaining in a U.N. vote on the Palestinians' status.

Germany, which will host Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and many of his ministers next week, abstained in Thursday's vote in the U.N. General Assembly which provided de facto recognition of a sovereign Palestinian state.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/01/us-germany-israel-merkel-idUSBRE8B007B20121201

Islamists rally behind Mursi as Egypt's rifts widen

Posted on by van nes

Islamist crowds demonstrated in Cairo on Saturday in support of President Mohamed Mursi, who is racing through a constitution to try to defuse opposition fury over his newly expanded powers.

Many thousands assembled outside Cairo University, waving Egyptian flags and green Islamist emblems to show their backing for the president and the constitution he is promoting.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/01/us-egypt-idUSBRE8B004X20121201

Yahoo! Court Battle: Firm Told To Pay $2.7bn

Posted on by van nes

Yahoo! has been ordered to pay $2.7bn (£1.7bn) by a Mexican court for breach of contract involving a yellow pages listings service.

The US firm said it believed the claims were without merit and would vigorously pursue all appeals.

The civil case was brought by Worldwide Directories and Ideas Interactivas against Yahoo! and Yahoo! De Mexico.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019185/yahoo-court-battle-firm-told-to-pay-2-7bn

Chinese Home In Middle Of Road Is Torn Down

Posted on by van nes

The five-storey building was bulldozed on Saturday after the pair finally accepted compensation of 260,000 yuan (£25,000), officials said.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019176/chinese-home-in-middle-of-road-is-torn-down

Wyoming: 'Bow And Arrow' Attacker Kills Two

Posted on by van nes

A man reportedly armed with bow and arrow has killed a woman, a male teacher and then himself in front of horrified students at a community college in Wyoming.

The suspect and the teacher were found dead on Friday at a science building on the Casper College campus, in Casper, which was locked down for two hours.

The body of another victim was found around two miles away from the college.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019205/wyoming-bow-and-arrow-attacker-kills-two

Crocodile Attacks Boy Swimming In Australia, 12 year old boy missing

Posted on by van nes

Australian police are searching for a 12-year-old boy who is believed to have been attacked by a crocodile and dragged out to sea.

The boy was swimming with a group of people at Port Bradshaw, in the Northern Territory, when he was attacked.

"Initial reports suggest adults within in the group tried to save the boy by spearing the animal, but the crocodile dragged the child out to deeper water," police Superintendent Michael White said in a statement.

Two weeks ago a seven-year-old girl was feared killed by a crocodile at a waterhole about 340km (210 miles) east of the city of Darwin, the capital of the Northern Territory.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019193/crocodile-attacks-boy-swimming-in-australia

Andrew Lancel charged with historic child sex offences

Posted on by van nes

Former Coronation Street actor Andrew Lancel will appear in court later this month to face five counts of indecent assault on a child under 16.

Merseyside Police said the 42-year-old had been charged under his real name - Andrew Watkinson.

He was charged under the Sexual Offences Act 2003.

http://news.sky.com/story/1019115/former-corrie-star-faces-child-sex-charges

Window Tinting Laws

Posted on Saturday, November 10, 2012 by Farida Palupi

The car laws that are applicable to you will differ from state to state in the United States and the reasons for these laws to be passed is quite clear to see. There are many reasons why an individual would choose to tint his/her car windows. The temperature within the car stays lower, the car looks more attractive, and some people even do it for some medical reasons. Even though there are exceptions that can be made in the case of medical reasons, everyone must adhere to these when getting their car's windows tinted under any circumstances.

Each state has their own auto laws that are to be followed, and it is the state's Police Department that decides these laws. The contents of include the amount of light that must pass through a tinted window. The downside of window tinting is reduced visibility, on the outside and on the inside. If the windows are heavily tinted the driver may sometimes be unable to see things that are by the side the automobile, clearly. This is an extremely dangerous scenario and one that can be avoided. On the other hand, there should be some degree of visibility for people on the outside to look inside the car.

Common Window Tinting Rules
The main purpose for which these laws are passed, according to the state traffic codes, are 'light transmittance' and 'luminous reflectance'. Both these factors greatly affect the visibility through the window, and if the level of tint exceeds the permissible level, it can be dangerous for many people. It goes without saying that the windshield can have absolutely no tint whatsoever.

Most auto manufacturers provide tinted glass from their production line itself, and such cars are always compliant with the laws of the state. The problem occurs, when people decide to get their windows tinted by themselves. They are usually unaware of the state laws regarding tinted windows and end up violating the law as a result. If you are deciding to tint your windows, visit a bigger tuck shop who can give you accurate and reliable information about the laws. It is difficult for an individual to estimate the amount of light that enters through a tinted window, so the help of a Government inspector or a private licensed professional may also help. These people check the 'light transmittance' and the 'luminous reflectance' using an advanced photometer.

Window tinting has become very popular amongst people who wish to customize and personalize their cars. The attractiveness of the car goes up greatly with tints, according to some people. This is well and good as long as it is done within the permissible limits, but most people end up violating state law. Most people commit this crime simply due to ignorance, but some people know better. Others visit some shop who charges lower and unknowingly break the law. It is important to follow the laws not just for your own safety on the road, but for the safety of those around you as well. Highly reflective tints can lead to many serious accidents and collisions.

There are certain exceptions and exemptions in some states for medical reasons. People who have a genuine medical problem can avail these exemptions and tint their windows differently. Proper licensing and certification is absolutely necessary for this though, and some states do not even consider the cases of any exceptions, no matter how grave they may be.

If one is found violating these laws he/she can be fined or given a ticket. If the tinted window is not changed immediately, and if the person is repeatedly caught offending the law, their license can also be revoked. This is a matter that the traffic authorities take very seriously and it must not be ignored at any cost. 

Criminal Justice Careers for Women

Posted on Sunday, November 4, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Making a career in criminal justice although not impossible for a woman can be challenging. Criminal justice jobs require an educational background in the respective discipline. If you have prior experience in this field, through some voluntary work or by some other means, it is always advantageous. If you are still a student and your goal is to make a career in criminal justice, then you must explore the job opportunities in this field. Jobs pertaining to enforcement of laws, working in crime laboratories, courts and forensics are high in demand. However, you need proper degrees and a few years of experience to step into higher posts.

Careers for Women in Criminal Justice

No matter what your designation is, you have to prove yourself expert in conducting investigations, surveys, maintaining records or analyzing data. Such type of careers become challenging for individuals because it involves dealing with different types of people and sometimes it could lead to field work as well. The nature of your job will further depend upon whether you are working for federal government or at the state level. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is one such department where you can look for high level jobs. The State Crime Commissions, Narcotics Bureaus and State Courts also offer immense employment opportunities for women.

Law Enforcement Careers
Jobs in law enforcement have become one of the most sought after career for women and they are taking keen interest in this field. The job basically entails maintaining discipline on the road, rail and air and to ensure the laws are executed properly. Initially you can join as an assistant but with experience you will gradually be promoted to higher designations. Federal law enforcement careers are high paying and scopes of jobs are also ample. Some of those demanding jobs are:

Police Officer
Conservation Officer
Juvenile Justice
Park Police
Correctional Officers
Immigration Enforcement Agent
Public Safety Officer
Community Liaison Officer
FBI Special Agent
Airport Security Officer
Immigration and Customs Enforcement Officer

Careers in Criminology
Criminologists are engaged in tasks, where they study behavior of criminals and analyze crime. They also undertake the responsibility of molding society's attitude towards people who are victims of communal violence and crime. The science of criminology also deals with investigating correctional facilities, like rehabilitation and penalty. Along with police and other investigating agencies, they are employed in universities and other types of educational settings where they ensure juvenile justice and enforce administrative policies. Criminologists also work with communities, federal and justice agencies for the same purpose. Local government services also hire criminologists for monitoring public safety. Since the job is basically related with the society, it is perfect for women since they know how to offer care. You can look for the following job opportunities in this discipline.

Rehabilitation
Medical Investigation
Criminal Investigation
Financial Fraud Investigation
Studies related with women's welfare
Private Investigation

Forensic and Crime Analysts
This is one of the most well suited criminal justice careers for women. Forensic science is a highly prospective field where you need to analyze samples and data to trace the convict. Crime laboratory analysts work in forensic laboratories and departments to find out the history of a crime and its associates. The job is interesting since you investigate thoroughly by employing different scientific techniques. To get a decent job in this field, you must hold a degree in forensic science. Many times you need to visit crime sites for collecting samples and checking clues. The techniques are highly sophisticated and so is the job. Some prestigious jobs for women in forensic science are:

Forensic Psychologist
Crime Scene Investigator
Forensic Pathologist
Forensic Serologist

This field is also a kind of social service to the country and its people, since you are protecting it against crime and communal violence. Criminal justice courses could also be done online and it would be an added advantage to you if you want to build a career in this field. 

Exciting Careers in Criminal Justice

Posted on Wednesday, October 24, 2012 by Farida Palupi

There are a variety of exciting careers in the industry, out of which many are from the criminal justice field. Criminal justice jobs primarily focus on public service and crime prevention, which is why they are well regarded in the society. If you work in any of these jobs, common people will certainly look up to and respect you. However, you need to know that this field demands a great amount of self-discipline and determination. Not to miss that it also needs you to be responsible and alert. In order to get into criminal justice careers, you generally need to take courses in areas like social science, political science, forensic science, urban studies, philosophy and other subjects concerned with society. The main prerequisites to get into a criminal justice job is also to be physically and mentally stable, and to have exceptional skills for investigations and attention to detail.

Exciting Criminal Justice Career Options

Criminologists
This is one of the best careers in criminal justice. A criminologist is a professionals who is responsible for analyzing the mindset of people with criminal motives and predicting certain crimes. They work with law enforcement officers in their investigation. Their work largely contributes to crime prevention before it happens. Coming to the salary, these criminology experts may get a median pay range of around $35,500 to $52,000.

FBI Officers
A career as an FBI agent is one of the most highly regarded and respectable. Officers working for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are normally handed over the responsibility of dealing in cases concerned with theft, drug smuggling, kidnapping, and other crimes needing serious action. FBI officers are well trained in weaponry, hand-to-hand combat, surveillance, and investigation. Agents working for this agency may draw a median salary of around $65,000 per year.

CIA Officers
Just like the FBI, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is also an agency of the US that deals in activities which protect national interest from third-party actions. A CIA officer helps collect solid evidence against entities who may harm national interest and relations with other countries. This may include investigating matters regarding weapons of mass destruction or drugs trafficking. CIA officer positions can attract a salary of around $50,000 to $97,500 per annum.

Police Officers
This is probably the most common criminal justice careers that a majority of youngsters opt for. The job of police officers is to prevent criminal activities, protect innocent citizens, and respond to emergency situations. Their work of fighting and preventing common offenses requires a lot of intelligence, decision making, and a physically fit body. These law enforcement officers earn a decent average income of around $50,000 on an annual basis.

Detectives
This is one job that requires an aspirant to have a good amount of investigative, logical thinking, and decision making skills in the crime scene. Detectives, also referred to as investigators, are specialists in finding facts and clues about crimes such as larcenies, car thefts, fraud and tactical murders. Their work involves interviewing suspects and witnesses, studying records, and depending on forensic investigations for serious matters. Investigators are considered to get an annual median pay of around $60,000.

Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs)
The job of a crime scene investigator is concerned with activities more extensive than that of a detective. This career involves a lot of detailed inspection of places where the crime has occurred. CSIs take samples and get them tested at the lab for possible results and interview witnesses. In order to get into this career, you need to possess a scientific educational background in areas like anatomy, physics, psychology, or chemistry. These criminal justice experts can earn approximately $60,000 on an average per year.

These are just a few of the most exciting careers in criminal justice. However, there are many others, some of which are given in the following list.

Bounty Hunter
Corrections Officer
Criminal Justice Administration
Cybersecurity Officer
Deputy Sheriff
Forensic Scientist
Parole Officer
Secret Service Agent
Transportation Security Officer (TSO)

This is just a general list of the most common careers in criminal justice. These type of careers are for those who are physically fit, have an alert conscience, and possess investigative skills. Along with a reputation in the society, these jobs also have a considerable income prospects.

Criminal Justice Careers List

Posted on Thursday, October 4, 2012 by Farida Palupi

I don't know how much others would agree, or maybe even disagree, but there's something intriguing about a career in criminal justice. Cops, lawyers, FBI agents... There's just something about it! For me, every time I watched an episode of Law & Order, X Files, or NYPD Blue, or even the more recent Castle and White Collar (which I admit were more entertainment than criminal justice), there would be this crazy excitement... On a more serious note however, criminal justice is no joke. Crime and delinquency is serious business, and dealing with it is a real job, and a tough one too. As fascinating as it may seem on television, we all know that it's a far cry from entertaining in real life. It's risky, and a job that not everybody is willing to take up. It is, however, a noble profession in its own right. But, do you know how much there really is to pick from? If you are one of the few who looks forward to criminal justice as a career, it is essential for you to know what you can do in this line, because the careers list is more extensive than you would've imagined. Apart from that, there is also that aspect of salary, so if you are keen on learning about that, you could check out, criminal justice careers and salaries here. For now, how about we move on to a list of different criminal justice career opportunities...

List of Criminal Justice Careers

I mentioned before that the list of criminal justice jobs is extensive, but how extensive, is the question. Read further to get a low down on the list of careers in criminal justice.

Federal Bureau of Investigation
The reason I choose to begin with the FBI is solely because it is perhaps one of the most commonly known or heard of jobs when it comes to criminal justice. Being an FBI agent means serious business. It requires skill, and morals. Becoming an agent for the FBI may give you the chance to serve your country every day of your life, but make sure you're cut out for it, for it is a challenging job. While getting yourself into the FBI may seem fascinating, make sure you're ready for an equally exciting life, because for people working here, no two days are alike. One day could be all about gathering evidence for a certain matter, while the next day could be about an arrest. Whether it's about being an FBI Special Agent, or part of the Hostage Rescue Team, if you decide this is where you want to be, make sure you're prepared for never having to deal with another dull day in your life.

Central Intelligence Agency
Following the FBI is the CIA, also known as the Central Intelligence Agency. Practically anyone that wants to be a law enforcement officer aspires to make it to either the FBI or the CIA. Special Agent, Spy, Field Agent, or even Analyst... What field of the CIA you want to be in, is limitless. So, what is it that you require to make it through the CIA? A good GPA, preferably absolute fluency in at least one foreign language, high personal and professional standards, no drug use and low alcohol consumption. These are an absolute must. If you are interested in getting chosen for the Clandestine Service Trainee Program, it is important that you adhere to high ethical standards at work, because a career at such an agency is anything but a joke.

Drug Enforcement Agency
A career as a Drug Enforcement Agent (DEA) is all about high standards. There is a lot of criteria that must be lived up to. Age is one of the first amongst these factors. New agents must be a minimum of 21 years of age, but not older than 36 years. They must also be citizens of the United States, and must possess a valid driver's license. Good health, along with sharp hearing and 20/20 vision is of utmost importance too, if you would like to get hired here. In terms of education, a bachelor's degree is a must. However, a bachelor's degree in police science, criminal justice, finance, economics, accounting, or a foreign language is given preference. If chosen, a person has to go through an intensive 16 weeks training program that deals with law, ethics, drug recognition, leadership, etc.

That was the description of just an iota of criminal justice careers. Other jobs to choose from are:

Crime Scene Investigator
Secret Service Special Agent
Federal Correctional Officer
Judge
Defense Attorney
Forensic Psychologist
Crime Analyst
Arson Investigator
Immigration Enforcement Agent
Probation Officer
Paralegal
ATF Agent
IRS Special Agent
Federal Air Marshal
Police Officer
Juvenile Probation Officer
Bailiff
Fingerprinting Specialist
Criminologist
Sheriff
K9 Handler
Diplomatic Security Special Agent
State Trooper
Victim Witness Assistant

That may not have been the complete list, but it sure was a list that covered a good chunk of all that there is to choose from. Making a career out of any of the above mentioned careers sure is a great way to go, all you have to do is to be sure it is what you want, and for the rest of it, you'll simply sail through. 

gwdphoto

Posted on Thursday, September 27, 2012 by van nes

gwdphoto..

Stupid Laws in America

Posted on Tuesday, September 18, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Imagine walking down the streets of New York while reading a book and getting arrested for it? Or eating a lollipop in Washington and being questioned by the police for doing so? Well, as unbelievable as it may seem, some of our lawmakers are busy formulating the weirdest laws in the world, for God knows whose benefit! So given below is a list of some really stupid laws in America, that might make you laugh or make you think twice about doing what you're doing right now!

Stupid Laws in Various States and Cities of America

Alabama

It is illegal for a person driving to be blindfolded while operating a vehicle.
Sprinkling salt on a railway track may be punishable by death.
An alligator cannot be chained to a fire hydrant.
It is illegal to play dominoes on a Sunday.
You cannot carry an ice cream in your back pocket at any point of time.
You cannot wear a fake mustache in church if it evokes laughter.
It is legal to drive the wrong way on a one way street, provided you have a lantern in front of your car.

California

It is illegal for anyone to stop a child from playfully jumping over puddles of water.
It is illegal to eat an orange in a bathtub.
A 500 USD fine is applicable on anyone who detonates a nuclear device within city limits.
It is illegal to skateboard on walls and other vertical surfaces.
Wearing a sweatshirt inside-out is deemed to be a 'threatening misdemeanor'.
You cannot bathe two babies in the same tub at the same time in Los Angeles.
It is illegal in Redwood City to fry gravy.
Bicycles cannot be ridden in Santa Clara County if it doesn't have 'appropriate fashion accessories'.
In Blythe, a person must own two cows if he wishes to wear cowboy boots in public.
In Los Angeles, a man is legally entitled to beat his wife with a leather belt or strap, however, the strap cannot be more than two inches wide, unless he has his wife's consent to beat her with a wider strap.
It is illegal to whistle for a lost canary before 7 am in Berkeley.
It is against the law in L.A. to complain through mail about a hotel having cockroaches, even if it's true.

Colorado

In Logan County, it's illegal for a man to kiss a woman while she is asleep.
It is illegal to throw shoes at weddings in Colorado.
In Denver, it is against the law to lend your vacuum cleaner to your neighbor.
It is illegal to swim during the daytime in a pool or river within the city limits of Durango.

Ohio

It is illegal to fish for whales on a Sunday.
It is illegal to shake a snake at someone but it is legal to throw a snake at someone.
It is illegal to get a fish drunk.
It is illegal for more than five women to live together in a house.
No one can be arrested on a Sunday or the fourth of July.
It is illegal to kill a housefly within 160 feet distance of a church without a license for doing so.
In Columbus, it is illegal to sell Cornflakes on a Sunday.
Owners of tigers must notify authorities within one hour if the tiger escapes.
In Marion, you cannot eat a donut and walk backwards on the street.
In Strongsville, Catch 22 is banned.
In Bay Village, it is illegal to walk a cow down Lake Road.

Pennsylvania

No man can purchase alcohol without written consent from his wife.
In Mount Pocono, any group of five or more Native Americans are considered to be a raiding party and may be killed on the spot.
All fire hydrants must be checked one hour before all fires.
It is illegal to sleep on top of a refrigerator outdoors.
In Philadelphia, you can't put pretzels in a bag.
One cannot run for governor unless he/she has participated in a duel.

So, these were some stupid laws in America. Although it is said that some of these laws have been repealed, most of them still do exist and are strictly followed. So the next time you want to read a book while walking, ensure that you're not in the Big Apple! 

Abandonment Laws

Posted on Tuesday, September 4, 2012 by Farida Palupi

The court and law framing authorities have devised various laws of abandonment that deal with situations that are a result of various cases in which the person who is responsible for the care/supervision of the place or person denies to take responsibility of the place/person. For example, state laws have made strict rules about family abandonment laws. Since it covers a wide range of cases, this article will throw some light on the three basic categories.

Property Laws
Often we come across a certain property like a piece of land that has been abandoned by the owner voluntarily. However, the owner hasn't transferred the ownership of the property to any other person. The owner of the land has on his own, quit all the claims, rights and possession of the property due to some reasons and he hasn't made any efforts to sell the property. Abandonment laws are meant to legally dispose the property or find the owner of the property so that legal disputes regarding the property can be solved. In case, the owner is found out, the formalities of the sale or possession of the property is easily solved, else the property is legally disposed.

Marriage Laws
Frequently we come across abandonment issues that are related to marriage, divorce and relationships. In cases of marriage, the person may have broken ties with their spouse for a considerable duration of time that amounts it to a severe breach of law. In cases of divorce, adoption and emancipation, abandonment laws vary according to the severity of the case. Divorce cases of are often related to issues like property division, monetary issues and custody matters which are sorted out legally.

Child Laws
Child abandonment comprises issues that are not just related to adoption or the neglect on the part of the care taker with regards to necessary support systems like food and clothing. Instead it categorizes a larger sphere of inactivity on the part of the caretaker. For instance, abandoning a child under the age of 13 years, especially infants, and drawing away all contacts are dealt with abandonment laws. Anyone who is alleged to be involved or responsible for child abandonment, leading to death of the child can be charged with murder and manslaughter. The age of the child, duration of abandonment and the severity of the abandonment, decide the extent and intensity of the charges. In case, the child was in need of some special requirements or medications but due to the neglect, he was not provided with the necessary care then the laws charge the concerned person more severely.

The abandonment laws vary for every state and so if you've got to file any case related to desertion, you've got to ensure that the state you're residing in has related laws in their judicial system. In cases of bankruptcy, the laws strictly depend on various factors like total net value of the property and the money mortgaged against it.

The incidents of abandonment of children have increased in the United States and the state authorities have made attempts to spread awareness about laws and rights of parents and the child. This is essential because it is completely inhumane to leave a baby/child just due to any reason. Abandonment laws are a bit complex and to understand them completely, one must consult recognized lawyers. These laws can act as an effective tool in reducing the cases of desertion and isolation, intentionally. 

Car Repossession Laws

Posted on Thursday, August 30, 2012 by Farida Palupi

We all depend on our cars for traveling and for many other purposes. Life without a car just seems impossible to live, but what about if someone seizes your car and you can't take it back. In this case understanding some car repossession laws are a huge help. But let's first understand the whole concept of this car seizing and car repossession laws.

Car repossession occurs when a person fails to pay the car payments that he/she owes to the creditor and the creditor takes back the car. If you have bought your car on loan and you are late with your car payments and you don't even have enough car insurance, your vehicle could be seized from you. Once you buy a vehicle on loan your creditor has more rights on the car than you, if you don't make your monthly payments on time, your creditor has the full authority to take back your car without a warning or a court notice in advance.

Laws of Car Repossession

If you have fallen behind your monthly payments, then it is very necessary for you to understand the various automobile repossession laws. The good news is that there are some limitations that the creditor has while snatching away your car and these limitations vary from state to state. So always make sure you read these laws before taking a loan from your car.

Law# 1: In many states the creditor seizes your car, the minute you default on your payment. Make sure your contract states what qualifies for a default, for example not paying monthly payments qualifies for a default in your case. Suppose if your creditor agrees to change your payment date, you should take that in writing and also take his signature.

Law# 2: Once you default on your payment, repossession laws of most states, allow the creditor to take your car anytime he wants without sending you a court notice or warning in advance. The creditor can even come onto your property and do so, that includes using physical force and threats. In some states the creditor is not breaking the "breach of peace" by doing such activities.

Law# 3: The breach of peace is different in different states, if the creditor is found breaking the breach of peace. Your creditor will pay a penalty if any harm is done to you or your property. The violation of "breach of peace" may give you an edge in the legal proceedings against your creditor.

Law# 4: Once your vehicle has been taken, your creditor has the full right to sell it to someone else or keep it as a compensation. In some states, your creditor must tell you the time and place where your car has been sold, so that if you want to attend the bidding, you can. If the vehicle was sold privately, you have the right to know the sale of the date. You can purchase the vehicle again by paying the full amount and clear your old dues and old debts.

Law# 5: Some states have special consumer protection laws, that allow you to reestablish your loan. This simply means you can get back your car by paying the remaining monthly amounts, with your creditors repossession expenses. This also means that in future you will make your payments on time and would not cause your creditor further worries.

Law# 6: Your creditor is not supposed to keep or sell any personal property found in the car. In some states, your creditor has to inform you what items were found and how you can retrieve them. If your creditor doesn't take much care of your personal items found in your car, you can speak with your attorney about your right to compensation.

Law# 7: Some financiers may not lend you money until you install an electronic device that will not allow your car to start if you fail to make your payments on time. Installing this device could also mean as a "breach of peace" in some states. So get in touch with your state consumer protection if you want to know the rules of such devices.

Law# 8: It's better to have a word with your creditor then making a dispute later. If you think you are going to be late with your payments, call up your creditor and ask for some time. Most of them have faith on their consumers and give them a few days time. If you are going to change your original contract, get all the details in writing to avoid questions later. In most cases they will snatch your car right away and in many cases people file for voluntary vehicle repossession, to reduce creditors expenses, which he may later charge.

So these were some car repossession laws that would help you deal with an angry creditor. Try to make your payments on time to avoid the further legal mess involved. If you are left with no option and are facing bankruptcy, consult your attorney on information about your rights on your vehicle. 

Weird Laws in the USA

Posted on Tuesday, August 7, 2012 by Farida Palupi

In the earlier times, the laws and regulations in the country or a region were made by the kings or heads of the region. Most of the time, the wish of an autocratic ruler turned into a law in his kingdom. Hence, people were forced to obey these laws; however strange they may seem. Would you believe me if I tell you that It is illegal to die in the Houses of Parliament? Now, can anything beat this? Yes, you may not be aware but, there are several strange laws in America that will either stun you or make you roll down with laughter!

Crazy Laws in America

The following is a compilation of weird American laws practiced in different states.

All lollipops are banned in Washington.
In Texas, the entire Encyclopedia Britannica is banned simply because it contains the formula for making beer at home.
One cannot kill a squirrel with a gun in a courtroom in Canton, Mississippi.
It is legal for a chicken to have sex with you in Texas, but it's illegal to reciprocate.
Now, here is one of the world's strangest laws. In Iowa, a man with a mustache cannot kiss a woman in public!
In the state of Washington, it is compulsory for a motorist with criminal intentions to stop at the city limits and telephone the Chief of Police while he enters the town.
In South Dakota, it is illegal to lie down or fall asleep in a cheese factory.
In Pennsylvania, it is not legal to catch a fish with any body part, including your hands, except for your mouth!
In the state of Oklahoma, it is mandatory for dogs to have a permit signed by the mayor in order to assemble in group of three or more on any private property.
It is legal to throw a snake at someone, but, it is illegal to shake a snake at someone in the state of Ohio.
In West Virginia, it is illegal to put an ice cream cone in one's pocket on Sundays.
In North Carolina, if a man and a woman who aren't married go to a hotel and register themselves as married then, according to the state law, they are legally married.
In New York State, jumping off a building is punishable by death!
It is against the law to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole or a street lamp in Atlanta.
In Nebraska, a parent can be arrested if his child is unable to hold back a burp during a church service.
In Massachusetts, snoring is prohibited unless all bedroom windows are closed and locked!
Strangely, in the State of Mississippi, if an individual leaves his residence, or place of business, without the direct intent of killing someone, he cannot be tried for any offense!
In Texas, one can not put graffiti on someone else's cow.
It is illegal to stand near or in a building without any reason for being there in Minnesota.
In Indiana, it was a law for all black cats to wear bells on Friday, the 13th.
A woman in Michigan may be irritated to know that she is not allowed to cut her own hair without her husband's permission.
In Hartford, Connecticut, you aren't allowed to cross the street walking on your hands!
Now this is one of the weird funny laws, in Maine, it is illegal to step out of a plane in flight!
In the state of Indiana, it is illegal to make a monkey smoke a cigarette.
In Miami, it is illegal to imitate an animal.
It is a punishable offense to push a live moose out of a moving airplane in Alaska.
In Ohio, women are prohibited from wearing patent leather shoes anywhere in public.
In Florida, men (!!!) may not be seen in public in any kind of strapless gown!
It is forbidden for a driver to be blindfolded while operating a vehicle in Alabama.

You will find many such strange laws in other parts of the world. Lastly, here is one of the funniest, craziest and weirdest laws found in America: In the state of Tennessee, it is illegal for a woman to drive a car unless there is a man either running or walking in front of it waving a red flag to warn approaching motorists and pedestrians!! 

Child Abandonment Laws

Posted on Tuesday, July 24, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Where family laws are concerned, the constitution often regards the plaintiff, especially a minor with sensitivity and care. Some children have to face the brunt of broken families, divorces, illegitimate affairs, etc., which leaves them at the mercy of a guardian or parent. But when that person also shrugs off his/her responsibility and stops caring for the child, then a case of abandonment arises.

Child abandonment is the act of leaving a child below the age of 18 on his/her own, without the supervision of an adult for a particular period of time which is considered as inappropriate. An abandoned child is termed as a foundling. If the parent or guardian has no physical contact or communication with the kid during this period, and has given no financial support and has deserted the kid with the intention of forsaking, then the parent is culpable, according to the law.

Child and the Law
When a child is observed to be abandoned, the first priority should be to notify the authorities who will bring in social services to ensure his/her safety and well-being. Mostly, an abandoned child is seen wandering around the place of his/her dwelling and behaving peculiarly, which attracts the attention of the neighbors. Child abandonment is a felony and anyone accused of this crime is punishable by law.

When a person is being tried in courts for abandoning a child, the following points are considered, to decide the intensity of his crime.

The age of the child matters a lot in such cases as toddlers or babies need constant attention of the guardian and leaving them for even a few minutes unsupervised can lead to bodily harm.
The health of the child, both physical and mental is of consequence here.
The duration for which the kid is left without parental supervision.
The place where the child is abandoned. E.g. if a newborn is left in the dumpster by the mother, then she is guilty for this crime.
The condition in which the child is abandoned, like if the child is in bounds and kept locked in a room or whether the child is given sufficient food and water to survive on his own.
Whether any other factor could have endangered the life of the child. For example, leaving a child in a room which is susceptible to fire hazards is a case of gross negligence on the part of the parent.
If the child was left under the supervision of any other adult. Moreover, physical and mental health of that person is assessed too.
Whether the parent or guardian was forced to leave the child because of economic problems, health problems or any other problem which made the parent incapable for caring for the child is also considered.

A person found guilty of deserting a child which resulted in physical injury or mental agony to the child can be charged with the counts of homicide, manslaughter, and aggravated abuse or custodial sentence. However in some states, baby abandonment is legal, that is, a newborn baby can be deserted by the parent for a period of seven days from the day of his birth in specific locations like hospitals and fire stations. The objective behind such a law is to reduce the dangerous practices which parents are compelled to follow due to their inadequacy in raising a child.

Reasons for Abandonment
An abandoned child is also called social orphan by some people. That means the parents of such a child are alive but have shirked off their responsibilities. Not only does it poses a physical danger to the child, but also can lead to impaired psychological development. In the 1900 century, kids living in the streets of London were called ragamuffins. Nowadays, they are named as street children or homeless kids.

The reason behind their abandonment is often cited as poverty. However, there are also other factors that are at play here. Young parents might feel that they are incapable to share the burden of a raising a baby. Sometimes the mother and/or father who go down on this path turn out to be dealing with substance addiction, criminal offenses, health or/and some psychological issues. Also, the mother might be afraid of rejection/violence from her spouse which makes her take this drastic step. There is a "moral pressure" on the young mothers who are afraid or unaware to do something about their undesired pregnancy. Such a pregnancy can lead the parents to abandon the baby as he is not a part of their future plans (for example: studies, marriage, job, etc.).

Child abandonment is governed by the state laws. As every state has different definitions for abandonment, these laws also vary. Gradually, more states are looking forward to legalizing abandonment. 

Pepper Spray Laws

Posted on Monday, July 2, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Pepper spray is a self defense, 'easy to handle' device which is made up of an active ingredient called OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) and other inert ingredients. When you use the spray, its effects last for about 20 to 90 minutes, giving you plenty of time to escape the frightening situation.

How Does a Pepper Spray Work

The effect of pepper spray can be noticed instantly. As soon as the OC comes in contact with the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, throat, and lungs), it immediately causes dilation of the eye capillaries which in turn results in temporary blindness. It also causes inflammation of the breathing tube tissues leading to difficulty in breathing. However, the victim can breathe. Thus the short-term effects of these sprays are quite effective. You can choose the best pepper spray from various models available in the market, such as spray pens, spray lipsticks, etc.

Self Defense with Pepper Spray

Laws on pepper spray vary from state to state. In Canada, pepper spray, tear gas and mace are forbidden. The spray is classified as 'arms' under the laws of Hong Kong. Before you buy a pepper spray, you should consult your local law enforcement agency to find out the specific laws applicable to your area. Dog and bear pepper sprays are considered legal in all U.S. states. In most states, the spray is legal against bears but using mace and tear gas is not legal. (Mace is a brand name associated with pepper spray products. Mace is similar to tear gas.)

Pepper Spray Laws by State

The information provided below is by no means a legal advice. Consult a local agency to know the details about the legal use of pepper spray if you wish to use it for self defense.

Alaska: According to the section 11.61.200, any explosive, incendiary or noxious gas is listed under 'prohibited weapon' and as the spray is considered a noxious gas, it is illegal. Also, a person is said to commit the crime of misconduct involving weapons in the third degree, if the person manufactures, possesses, transports, sells, or transfers a prohibited weapon.

Arkansas: According to the section 5-73-124, concerning tear gas and pepper spray, carrying and using the spray 'only for self defense' is lawful but the capacity of the cartridge or container should not exceed 150 cubic centimeters.

District of Columbia: Despite the provisions of § 7-2501.01(7)(C), a person 18 years of age or older may possess and use a self-defense pepper spray but only if it is propelled from an aerosol container, labeled with or accompanied by clearly written instructions as to its use, and dated to indicate its anticipated useful life.

Florida: According to section 790.001(3)(b), self-defense chemical spray should be carried solely for self-defense and the device should be compact in size and should not contain more than two ounces of chemical. (in California 'more than 2.5 ounces net weight of aerosol spray' is considered illegal).

Hawaii: According to §134-1 definitions, no person is allowed to use pepper spray for self defense unless and until the person has procured from the chief of police of the county of the person's place of business, a permit to acquire the ownership of a pepper spray (which is referred to as fire-arm device).

Massachusetts: Chapter 140: Section 129B which deals with firearm identification cards, conditions and restrictions states that pepper spray (except animal repellents) can only be sold by licensed firearms dealers within the state only. A firearm identification card shall be valid for the purpose of purchasing and possessing the spray.

Michigan: Section 750.224d about self-defense spray device states that self defense spray is a device which carries and ejects or emits either a solution containing not more than 2% oleoresin capsicum or not more than 35 grams of any combination of ortho chloro benzamalo-nitrile and inert ingredients.

There are innumerable clauses and conditions regarding use of a pepper spray. These were just a few examples. The laws also regulate the manufacturing process, transportation and selling process of these sprays. There are restrictions regarding the ingredients of the spray, size of the content, label printing, user's age, etc. But it can be concluded that pepper spray is legal with restrictions in all the states. Penalties for the misuse of the spray may vary from $100 to $1000, depending upon the laws of the state.

Most of the states have made it compulsory for the manufacturers to print the name of the manufacturer and a serial number applied by him along with the expiry date on the label and insert printed instructions for use which should include directions for use, first aid information, safety and storage information, and explanation of the legal consequences of improper use of the spray container or the product. Many states like California, New York have made it compulsory for the manufacturers to print a label on every pepper spray stating: "WARNING: The use of this substance or device for any purpose other than self defense is a crime under the law. The contents are dangerous-use with care."

Whether you can buy paper spray on-line or not is also determined by the state governments. If you are confused about where to buy the spray, you should first check the rules and regulations of your state. In New York, no more than two sprays can be sold at any one time to a single purchaser.

Police also uses specially manufactured sprays for law enforcement. Law enforcement pepper spray is very beneficial for the police as it can be used as a close-quarter personal defense weapon. In Hungary, the spray is allowed for law enforcement only.

A pepper spray immediately incapacitates an assailant. But along with pepper spray laws, you have to keep it in mind that a person harassing you with a lethal weapon can injure you mortally in less time than it takes you to draw and aim the spray. Moreover, there is always a chance that an assailant may be able to take your canister away from you and use it against you. It is possible that the spray can be ineffective in terms of range in wind and rain and the spray could backfire at you in wind. Therefore, you should use the spray very cautiously. 

Types of Law

Posted on Thursday, June 21, 2012 by Farida Palupi

A glance at the history of law suggests that rules or enactments or rather the law of land was made by the monarchs or the local chief in the interest of the public. In ancient Rome for a certain period of time, it was also framed by the representatives of the people. In the modern era, especially after the industrial revolution, Parliaments and other legislative bodies have taken up the procedure of framing different types of law.

The field of law is so enormous that one specific law degree cannot cover its entire scope. Hence, based upon the classification of law, different law careers have also evolved. Lawyers and attorneys represent people in front of the court of law. Solicitors frame the important legal documents and Judges dispense appropriate justice. In addition to that the paralegals assist all the people working in the filed of law. These professionals, however, specialize and excel in one specific domain of law. The domain is basically a classification or a segment of a set of laws. Corporate law for example is a set of laws that governs business organizations and their workings.

Major Branches of Law

The following are some important classifications of laws and enactments.

Criminal Law: Criminal law is often governed by a penal code and deals with hardcore crime cases. In such enactments there is genuine involvement of police department and law enforcers. On the whole studying such a type of law is not at all a pleasant task as it deals with anything from theft to murder. Proceedings of such enactments is often prolonged and in certain cases, dangerous. Lawyers and attorneys, who deal with such laws and cases related thereof, are often termed as criminal lawyers.
Corporate Law: The steep rise in business and commerce all around the world has led to the development of what is known as a 'corporate world'. The corporate world compromises of all companies and business organizations that operate for profit. Due to their enormous financial capabilities, these organizations are to be governed by a set of laws which are at largely referred to as corporate law.
Consumer Rights: Consumerism is an important feature of modern era, and so is the phenomenon of their rights. In the last fifty years, the popularization of consumer goods has also led to the development of consumer rights and their protection. Consumer laws protect these rights of consumers and consumer right lawyers fight cases for the aggrieved consumers.
Labor and Employment Laws: The labor and employment laws are basically framed to protect employees from the unlawful practices and decisions of the authorities of organization where they work. Such laws started to coming into prominence after the industrial revolution. Labor and employment laws are closely related to both criminal as well as corporate laws.
Environmental Laws: In the 20th century, pollution, concern about the environment and global warming has led to genuine environmental concerns which has led to passing of some important environment protection laws that are imposed on all citizens and also business organizations.

Though, these types are considered to be the prominent ones, there are some other laws that are equally necessary such as banking and insurance laws and even marine laws. Another strict feature of laws is the civil rights procedures that forms the basis of a democratic nation. It is important that we obey and honors all these laws and also use them to the best ethical benefit. 

Pepper Spray Laws

Posted on Sunday, June 10, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Pepper spray is a self defense, 'easy to handle' device which is made up of an active ingredient called OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) and other inert ingredients. When you use the spray, its effects last for about 20 to 90 minutes, giving you plenty of time to escape the frightening situation.

How Does a Pepper Spray Work

The effect of pepper spray can be noticed instantly. As soon as the OC comes in contact with the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, throat, and lungs), it immediately causes dilation of the eye capillaries which in turn results in temporary blindness. It also causes inflammation of the breathing tube tissues leading to difficulty in breathing. However, the victim can breathe. Thus the short-term effects of these sprays are quite effective. You can choose the best pepper spray from various models available in the market, such as spray pens, spray lipsticks, etc.

Self Defense with Pepper Spray

Laws on pepper spray vary from state to state. In Canada, pepper spray, tear gas and mace are forbidden. The spray is classified as 'arms' under the laws of Hong Kong. Before you buy a pepper spray, you should consult your local law enforcement agency to find out the specific laws applicable to your area. Dog and bear pepper sprays are considered legal in all U.S. states. In most states, the spray is legal against bears but using mace and tear gas is not legal. (Mace is a brand name associated with pepper spray products. Mace is similar to tear gas.)

Pepper Spray Laws by State

The information provided below is by no means a legal advice. Consult a local agency to know the details about the legal use of pepper spray if you wish to use it for self defense.

Alaska: According to the section 11.61.200, any explosive, incendiary or noxious gas is listed under 'prohibited weapon' and as the spray is considered a noxious gas, it is illegal. Also, a person is said to commit the crime of misconduct involving weapons in the third degree, if the person manufactures, possesses, transports, sells, or transfers a prohibited weapon.

Arkansas: According to the section 5-73-124, concerning tear gas and pepper spray, carrying and using the spray 'only for self defense' is lawful but the capacity of the cartridge or container should not exceed 150 cubic centimeters.

District of Columbia: Despite the provisions of § 7-2501.01(7)(C), a person 18 years of age or older may possess and use a self-defense pepper spray but only if it is propelled from an aerosol container, labeled with or accompanied by clearly written instructions as to its use, and dated to indicate its anticipated useful life.

Florida: According to section 790.001(3)(b), self-defense chemical spray should be carried solely for self-defense and the device should be compact in size and should not contain more than two ounces of chemical. (in California 'more than 2.5 ounces net weight of aerosol spray' is considered illegal).

Hawaii: According to §134-1 definitions, no person is allowed to use pepper spray for self defense unless and until the person has procured from the chief of police of the county of the person's place of business, a permit to acquire the ownership of a pepper spray (which is referred to as fire-arm device).

Massachusetts: Chapter 140: Section 129B which deals with firearm identification cards, conditions and restrictions states that pepper spray (except animal repellents) can only be sold by licensed firearms dealers within the state only. A firearm identification card shall be valid for the purpose of purchasing and possessing the spray.

Michigan: Section 750.224d about self-defense spray device states that self defense spray is a device which carries and ejects or emits either a solution containing not more than 2% oleoresin capsicum or not more than 35 grams of any combination of ortho chloro benzamalo-nitrile and inert ingredients.

There are innumerable clauses and conditions regarding use of a pepper spray. These were just a few examples. The laws also regulate the manufacturing process, transportation and selling process of these sprays. There are restrictions regarding the ingredients of the spray, size of the content, label printing, user's age, etc. But it can be concluded that pepper spray is legal with restrictions in all the states. Penalties for the misuse of the spray may vary from $100 to $1000, depending upon the laws of the state.

Most of the states have made it compulsory for the manufacturers to print the name of the manufacturer and a serial number applied by him along with the expiry date on the label and insert printed instructions for use which should include directions for use, first aid information, safety and storage information, and explanation of the legal consequences of improper use of the spray container or the product. Many states like California, New York have made it compulsory for the manufacturers to print a label on every pepper spray stating: "WARNING: The use of this substance or device for any purpose other than self defense is a crime under the law. The contents are dangerous-use with care."

Whether you can buy paper spray on-line or not is also determined by the state governments. If you are confused about where to buy the spray, you should first check the rules and regulations of your state. In New York, no more than two sprays can be sold at any one time to a single purchaser.

Police also uses specially manufactured sprays for law enforcement. Law enforcement pepper spray is very beneficial for the police as it can be used as a close-quarter personal defense weapon. In Hungary, the spray is allowed for law enforcement only.

A pepper spray immediately incapacitates an assailant. But along with pepper spray laws, you have to keep it in mind that a person harassing you with a lethal weapon can injure you mortally in less time than it takes you to draw and aim the spray. Moreover, there is always a chance that an assailant may be able to take your canister away from you and use it against you. It is possible that the spray can be ineffective in terms of range in wind and rain and the spray could backfire at you in wind. Therefore, you should use the spray very cautiously. 

Funny Laws

Posted on Sunday, May 20, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Funny laws or dumb laws are attributed as trivial, useless, or unnecessary. Most of these laws act against behavior or actions which are ordinary and/or mean no harm. If we go by the books, then dumb laws do exist. But most of them are an exaggeration of real laws or are based on concepts that are unrealistic.

Funny Laws From Around the World

➚ In Sweden it is illegal to use the services of a prostitute. Prostitution is legal though.

➚ Post 10 P.M. do not flush the toilet. It is illegal to do so in Switzerland.

➚ Do not leave your house without your underwear, if your house is in Thailand. It is not legal.

➚ You will die an illegal death, if you die in the House of Parliament in England.

➚ While still in England be careful with a stamp that bears the image of the Queen. Placing it upside down is a punishable offense.

➚ You cannot name a pig Napoleon in France.

➚ It is not legitimate for men to make love to male animals in Lebanon. Female animals are allowed!

➚ Avoid chewing gum in Singapore. Doing this is illegal.

➚ In Milan, unless for funeral or in hospital, if you do not have a smile on your face in public, you would be fined $100.

Funny Laws In the United States

In Alaska it is illegal...

➚ For moose to indulge in mating behavior on city streets.

➚ To wake up a bear and get some snaps of it. You can hunt it though.

➚ To whisper in a person's ear if he is moose hunting!

➚ For a kangaroo to pay a visit to a barber shop at any time.

➚ To tie one's pet dog to his/her car's roof.

➚ To treat a moose with alcohol.

➚ To roam the city while carrying bows and arrows.

➚ For a drunk to be allowed to comb his hair in a bar.

➚ To throw grenades on the street!

➚ To put your dog in the back of your truck.

In California it is illegal...

➚ For any kind of animal to do "it" within a range of 1,500 feet of a tavern, school, or place of worship.

➚ To use a used underwear to wipe off cars.

➚ To ride a bicycle in a swimming pool!

➚ For anyone to wear cowboy boots unless he/she owns at least 2 cows.

➚ For women to wear high heels while in the city limits.

➚ To provide act or receive the favor of oral sex.

➚ To serenade a woman without a license.

➚ To cry while standing in the witness box in Los Angeles courts.

➚ To keep a child from playing in puddles of water.

➚ To serve alcoholic beverages to a gay person.

In Ohio it is illegal...

➚ To get a fish drunk.

➚ To kill a housefly without a license, if one is within a range of 160 feet of a church.

➚ To breast feed in public.

➚ For cars to scare horses.

➚ To take mice into captivity without a hunting license.

➚ To lean against a public building! If done, then fine is levied.

➚ To sell cornflakes on Sunday.

➚ To run out of gas.

➚ For women to make a public appearance without shaving her face and legs.

➚ To toss a snake at someone. You can shake the creature at someone though!

In Oklahoma it is illegal...

➚ To molest an automobile.

➚ For dogs without a license, to congregate in groups of three or more, on private property.

➚ For anyone taking a bite out of hamburger of someone else.

➚ To prolong a kiss for more than three minutes.

➚ To indulge in pre-marital sex.

➚ For anyone to make "ugly faces" at dogs. He/she may be fined and/or jailed.

➚ For woman to indulge in a gambling game while only wearing lingerie, towel or when nude.

➚ To go for whale watching.

➚ To keep or put any hypnotized person in a display window.

Some More Funny Laws in the the U.S.

Here it is illegal...

➚ To indulge in sexual activity with Satan, without using a condom.
➚ To make love on the wedding day, if the couple is hunting or fishing.
➚ To make love with a live fish.
➚ To make love with the lights on.
➚ For a man to kiss a sleeping woman.
➚ To mistreat rats.
➚ To give false weather reports.
➚ For unmarried woman to parachute on Sundays.
➚ To imitate an animal.
➚ To shower naked, in Florida.
➚ To indulge in any other sexual positions except the missionary one.

Different Branches of Law

Posted on Wednesday, May 2, 2012 by Farida Palupi

If you are a student of law, you must be well aware of its branches. Each of these deals with a different aspect of law, and has its own set of specialists and advisors. For a layman, it is important to understand that there are many lawyers who deal with these various branches, and this is something one should know before approaching a prospective lawyer for help to solve a problem or legal issue.

Branches of Law

There are more than 20 branches of law that you should familiarize yourself with, and each of these has their own policies and nuances.

Civil law: Any dispute that is related to contractual agreements and such can be classified under civil law. In other words, any dispute that does not involve criminal charges falls under this category.

Criminal law: Any dispute that concerns a crime committed against public authority or other citizens falls under it. Along with civil law, this is one of the broad classifications under which an offense can be placed. Murder, theft, driving under the influence and other such violations fall under it, and are handled by a criminal defense lawyer.

Property law: Ownership and disputes regarding property ownership will be dealt with under the property law statutes. It is important to understand the difference between movable and immovable property here. Movable property is one's personal possessions, while immovable refers to real estate and land. This branch deals with the issues regarding immovable property.

Income tax law: This branch deals with the income tax and other tax-related disputes between individuals or companies and the Federal Government. These require a great deal of expertise to be adhered to, and there are many specialists who provide this expertise.

Labor law: This one deals with the terms and conditions and disputes regarding employment of labor. This is a set of rulings and regulations that govern the relationship and terms between an employer and employee. Though this falls under civil category, it is highly vast and extensive in nature.

Minor law: A minor is a person who is below 18 years of age, and there are several rules and regulations set in place for the protection of minors. Exploiting a minor is a grave offense, and there are many platforms from which disputes can occur. Most cases that minors are involved in are with regard to property issues.

Environment law: This is a set of treaties, agreements, rules and statutes that aim to protect the environment. Anyone who offends these laws is subject to judgment through the system that is set in place. Due to its general nature, this one does not fall under the criminal category. This is one of the types that are more generic in nature, and require highly specialized lawyers.

Administration law: This is a body that deals with the activities and governing capacities of the administrative bodies of the Government. These bodies should not be exempt from standard laws of functioning, and administration is the branch that deals with disputes regarding the same.

Constitutional law: This deals with the study and the practice of the principles set forth by the US Constitution. Any violation that disregards Constitutional policies is scrutinized by specialists in this branch and governance.

Press law: The press and media enjoys the benefits of freedom of speech, but there are certain rules and regulations to be adhered to here as well. This deals with the liberties and powers enjoyed by the media, and it also governs the copyrighting issue of intellectual property rights.

Sale of goods law: This is the set of legal rules regarding the sale and purchase of goods. There needs to be a proper system in place to enable the smooth transaction of goods and services, and the sale of goods law is the set of regulations one refers to if any disputes arise.

Along with these branches that are mentioned, here are some more branches that you may come across at some point or the other.

Marine law
Public international law
Family law
Law of Torts
Corporate law
Excise law
Limitation and arbitration law
Air law
Defamation law
Parliamentary law

All these go hand in hand and work simultaneously to enable the smooth functioning of society. People who break these laws are dealt with accordingly, and this is what keeps our society working.

Weird Laws

Posted on Tuesday, April 24, 2012 by Farida Palupi

The above legal maxim translates into The Law Does Not Concern Itself With Trifles. Go through the following list of bizarre laws and you'll be tempted to utter a big "REALLY??"

Some Real Weird Laws in the U.S.

Let's take a look at some queer laws in the U.S.A. before we warm up to those in other countries.

In Iowa, it is illegal for horses (of all things!!) to eat fire hydrant.
In Florida, it is illegal to have sexual intercourse with porcupines ( what the ****!)
In Vermont, a woman must get written permission from her husband to wear false teeth!
You run the risk of breaking a state law if you get a fish drunk in Ohio (am I on glue or does it really say getting a fish drunk!!).
In Kentucky, carrying an ice cream cone in your pocket is illegal (people really do that kind of thing?).
In Oklahoma, you can land in prison for making faces at a dog (is PETA listening? Could it get any more ethical than this?).
In Los Angeles, it is illegal to bathe two babies in the same tub at the same time.
An Illinois state law requires a man's female companion to call him Master while on a date. This does not apply to married couples though! (Kinda S&M, I must say!!)
In Carmel, New York, it is illegal for a man to be seen in public wearing pants and jacket that do not match.
In Youngstown, Ohio, you are playing with the law if you run out of gas!
In Oklahoma, it is against the law to have a sleeping donkey in your bathtub after 7 PM. (!?!?).
Under a state law in Alabama, anyone who wears a fake mustache in church and causes "unseemly laughter" is liable to face imprisonment!
In Fairbanks, Alaska, it is illegal for moose to mate on city streets (really, I'm speechless!).
In California, it is illegal to set up a mouse trap without holding a hunting license.
California state law prohibits peeling oranges in hotel rooms!
In El Monte, it is prohibited for horses to fall asleep in bathtubs if not accompanied by their riders (who also must be sleeping).
In Los Angeles, a man is legally permitted to beat his wife with a leather belt or strap, provided such belt or strap be not more than 2 inches wide; consent of wife is necessary for beating her with the aforementioned appendages that are wider than 2 inches. (Husband, taking out his belt: There is too much salt in the food, woman; it's time you got a lesson! With due respect, may I hit you with a 4 inch wide belt?)
In Arcadia, it is unlawful for young women to drink coffee after 6 PM. (should have a time limit for man's beer drinking as well!)
In Miami, it is prohibited to imitate animals.
In Utah, birds are entitled to a right of way on any public highway.
A Virginian statute, included in the Code of 1933, prohibits corrupt practices or bribery by any person except political candidates! (I really don't get the point of this one!)
In Baltimore, Maryland, it is against the law to take lions to movies.

Strange Laws All Over The World

Below list covers some of the world's strangest laws and these often make us doubt the sanity of the lawmakers as well as ponder upon the circumstances which required such laws to be made!

In the Unite Kingdom, it is illegal to die in the Houses of the Parliament. (Hmm...calls for better 'death planning')
In Australia, it is against the law to roam the streets wearing black clothes and felt shoes with black shoe polish smeared on the face as these are regarded as the tools of cat burglars.
In Israel, you could be prosecuted for picking your nose on Sunday (Israelis suffering from nasal allergies must wish they had detachable noses!).
In Samoa, it is against the law to forget one's wife's birthday. (I like! I like!)
In Cannes, France, wearing Jerry Lewis mask is illegal.
In Indonesia, prosecution for masturbation is decapitation!
Under the Taliban rule in Afghanistan, women were prohibited from wearing white socks, fearing men might find that attractive!
In Milan, Italy, you must always wear a smile on your face or end up paying a fine, except when you're headed for the hospital or a funeral.
Students caught cheating during exams are imprisoned in Bangladesh.
Lebanese men are allowed to indulge in sexual acts with female animals; if caught with male animals, the punishment is death.
In 16th and 17th century Turkey, drinking coffee was illegal and punishable by death!
In some Middle Eastern countries, it is a mortal sin to consume the flesh of a lamb with whom you engage in sexual intercourse. (Yeah! The lamb's sure gonna appreciate the kindness, even after you violate it!)
In Cali, Colombia, bride's mother must be present in the nuptial chamber the first time a woman has sex with her husband to witness the act. (I wonder what role mommy plays during the entire session; i.e., if at all it manages to take place in front of her!!).
In Denmark, vehicles are legally required to be driven with their headlights on - even during the day.
It is illegal to access the Internet in Burma and doing so is punishable with imprisonment.

There are many more of these crazy laws which never cease to amaze and confound! The reasons behind most of these weird laws is unexplainable; I mean, has anyone really, seriously been found putting a donkey to sleep in a bathtub (irrespective of the time!)?? Really? I have no idea! However, these laws never fail to give a good laugh and some interesting fodder to kill time! If you know of more such unbelievably absurd laws, do add them along! We can have some jolly good time sharing them! On a parting note, I would like to quote Aristotle: The law is reason free from passion. I wish he were alive to take a look at these laws - wonder what he would have had to say about reason after going through these legislations!

Radar Detector Laws

Posted on Monday, April 16, 2012 by Farida Palupi

A radar detector is an electronic device used to detect the radar waves. The radar detectors that are used nowadays are capable of detecting signals of various wavelength bands, including 'K', 'X', 'Ku' and 'Ka'. Radar detectors are however able to detect only the doppler radar. They detectors catch the electromagnetic waves produced by the radar guns using a 'superheterodyne receiver' and raise an alarm.

Laws for Radar Detector
To have a radar detector installed in a vehicle is termed illegal under the laws of many countries. It could result into the radar detector being seized and the user might have to pay fines as per the rules. The following points provide information regarding the radar detector laws of different countries.

United Kingdom: It is legal to use the radar detectors in the United Kingdom, however, as per the 'Wireless Telegraphy Act' passed in 1949, technically these devices cannot be used.
Australia: The use of a radar detector is termed illegal in Australia, except for the state of Western Australia. A person possessing this device might have to pay a fine up to 1200 AUD, and can earn as many as 9 de-merit points.
Canada: The radar detector can be used only in the states of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Substantial fines are imposed by the police for illegal possession of the device in the other states of Canada.
Belgium: Using radar detectors is illegal in Belgium. In the year 2006, a vehicle worth 75,000 euros was seized and the driver's license was suspended for 3 months for illegal possession of a radar detector.
Germany: It is illegal to use radar detectors in Germany. Possession of this device results into confiscation and destruction along with a fine of 75 euros.
Greece: Illegal possession of a radar detector leads to driving license suspension for 30 days, a fine of 2000 euros and car registration license suspension for 60 days.
France: It is illegal to use radar detectors in France. Even if the device is not in active use, police can confiscate it and impose heavy fines on the user.
Ireland: The law under which the radar detectors are confiscated in Ireland is known as 'Speed Meter Detectors'. Although the penalty amount is not fixed, confiscation of the device and imposition of hefty fines could be the consequences of illegal possession.
Switzerland: The radar detectors are confiscated and destroyed if possessed illegally.

Radar Detector State Laws
In the state of Virginia and the US capital city of Washington D.C., the possession of radar detector is termed illegal. As per the state laws of New York, Illinois and New Jersey, it is illegal to carry the detectors in commercial vehicles (vehicles weighing over 4,500 kg.). In the states of California, Minnesota and New York the items which obstruct the vision of the driver are prohibited by law. The radar detectors come under the category of these items, and thus it is indirectly prohibited. Earlier, the illegal possession of radar detectors was penalized by confiscation of the device itself. However, confiscation results into the violation of property rights. Thus, even if the device is found in the vehicle, it is returned to the owner after entering its description (i.e. model, make and serial number) on the ticket.

Radar technology is used in the form of ground penetration radar equipment along with that in the radar detectors. With the invention of the radar, laws were made to prevent the misuse of this technology.

Radar detector laws of different countries mentioned above would help in avoiding a penalty. In some countries, the use of the radar detector is completely banned, while few others permit its usage without any legal clauses attached to it. Thus, one should understand the laws of his respective country/state and follow them. 

Fields of Law

Posted on Thursday, April 5, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Rules and regulations are the order of life. They are essential to maintain peace and harmony in the society. Laws are essential so that the freedom of one person doesn't become the problem for another. Laws allow people to safeguard their rights as well fulfill their duties effectively. With increasing number of frauds and problems in all aspects of life, the fields of law too are getting wider day by day. And it is certainly not possible for every lawyer to be an expert of all the fields or study all types of laws. So the lawyers generally choose a field or two that they are interested in and excel in that. If you wish to be a master of one of the growing fields of law, then read further.

Different Types of Law

Criminal Law: These are one of the classic laws and are present in almost all the countries in different forms. As the name suggests, the criminal laws deal with crimes and personal liberty. Criminal defense lawyers carry out various legal investigations to save their accused clients from the punishment or from being sentenced as guilty.

Corporate Law: This law allows people to carry out their business and company proceedings in a legal manner. Most of the corporate companies need legal advice and so they appoint a lawyer who studies the details of the contracts and business deals if they fit in the legal frame.

Family Law: Family is the basic unit of the society and hence, it is important to have special family laws that would help in solving family and relationship problems. Divorce, alimony, and adoption, etc., are some of the most common disputable issues that come up in family courts.

Juvenile Law: Juvenile laws are made to deal with delinquent behavior of children. Children are treated differently and are supported with various provisions under these laws. In most of the countries, children under the age of 18 years are dealt with juvenile laws and their court cases are handled differently than that of adults.

Intellectual Property Law: This law is associated with protecting a person's idea, invention, creation, or discovery. It deals with rights and duties of the inventors. These law includes trademarks, patents, and copyright acts. Intellectual property lawyers also provide litigation support to their clients.

Real Estate Law: It can also be coined as construction and land laws. A real estate attorney helps his clients invest or buy a land or property that is free of any legal problems. Real estate lawyers deals with documents and issues related to sales and purchase of the land or a building and development of the property, etc. he also makes sure that no action by the clients violates the laws.

Environment Law: With increasing awareness about environment problems, a lot of environment laws are created to reduce the environment problems. The environment specialist lawyers typically deal with air and water pollution, waste management, chemical control, and securing public rights and environment.

Educational Laws: Educational laws are meant to deal with schools, colleges, and various educational institutes. Education lawyers work on tuition frauds, fake institutes, salary issues, selection and retention of different directors, teachers, and other staff members etc.

Apart from these, there are many other fields of law that you may wish to gain expertise in:

Health Laws
Insurance laws
Immigration Laws
Taxation Laws
Baking Laws
Credit Card Laws
Sports Laws
Entertainment Laws
International Laws
Civil Rights Laws
Labor Laws
Human Rights Laws
Social Security Laws
Religious Laws
Consumer Protection Laws
Compensation Law
Admiralty Laws
Equity Laws
Property Laws
Trusts and Charity Laws

You can do your specialization in any of the aforementioned fields.

There are different types of lawyers and their salaries depend on their work experience, financial status of the firm, and severity of the case they are handling. It is generally at the last year of law school that you would be allowed to choose the subjects you are interested in. You must choose the subjects that are close to your interest field. You must also complete your internship with a firm working in the similar fields of law. After getting significant experience and practice you may work individually, start your own firm, or join a good lawyer's firm. 

Euthanasia Laws

Posted on Wednesday, March 28, 2012 by Farida Palupi

Euthanasia, i.e. the practice of ending an individual's life in order relieve the person of pain and suffering, is undoubtedly one of the most controversial issue in the world today. Basically, euthanasia debate revolves around the very concept according to which it is referred to as 'voluntary suicide' or 'involuntary murder'. Though the history of this practice can be traced by to the Greek and Roman civilizations, only a few countries have successfully legalized this practice in accordance to their common law.

A look at euthanasia statistics compiled by The Gallup Organization in the United States reveals that 72 percent of the American population is in favor of this practice. While that is the general view in the United States, euthanasia laws in the country differ from one state to another.

Euthanasia: An Overview

The term 'homicide' refers to killing of an individual by another for any underlying reason. Going by this definition of homicide, killing a person in order to relieve him of intractable suffering also amounts to homicide. Taking this into consideration, most of the judicial systems of the world consider euthanasia as an illegal practice which doesn't have any place in our civil society. While euthanasia is divided into two types - active euthanasia and passive euthanasia, the term is most often used to refer to active euthanasia, i.e. the practice killing an individual by using lethal substances or force. Passive euthanasia, on the other hand, is the practice of stopping the treatment process which is necessary to keep the person alive. Among the two, active euthanasia is considered to be criminal homicide in various judicial systems but it is also used as a measure of capital punishment in various countries.

Euthanasia Around the World

As far as the legal status of euthanasia in various parts of the world is concerned, it differs from one country to another. Euthanasia is considered illegal in all the European countries except for Netherlands, where there are provisions for the same in some circumstances. In the United Kingdom, active euthanasia is considered to be at par with a murder. After a brief period wherein the practice was considered legal in Australia, the Australian administration introduced a legislation declaring voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide illegal in all its states and territories. Other countries which have legalized euthanasia include Belgium, Albania, Luxembourg etc. The pros and cons of euthanasia have a crucial role to play when it comes to legalization of this practice. In New Zealand, two attempts to legalize mercy killings failed when the bill about its legalization was met by severe criticism by the opposition in the Parliament. When it comes to the United States of America, different state jurisdictions have different laws for this practice.

Euthanasia in the United States

In the United States, religion and race play a crucial role when it comes to general opinion about euthanasia. Even though active euthanasia is illegal in the United States, the patients do have the right to refuse medical treatment. Similarly the patient can request for various measures to ease their pain and suffering, even if these measures hasten their death. Death caused in such circumstances amounts to passive euthanasia which is not considered illegal. Out of the 50 states which make the United States of America, only four states have provisions for euthanasia in their judicial system. These four states include Oregon, Washington, Montana and Texas. Among these states, Oregon was the first state to introduce euthanasia laws with the Death With Dignity (DWD) Act of 1994. According to this act, people who are terminally ill, with no chances of survival whatsoever, can ask the doctor for lethal medication. While these states have legalized mercy killing, states like Alabama, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, South Carolina, West Virginia etc. have criminalized the practice in their common law.

It is by no means easy to get euthanasia laws passed owing to the general, and more importantly, the religious sentiments involved in the process. As far as religious sentiments are concerned, several religions preach that no individual has the right to kill another, and this is considered to be one of the most prominent reason against euthanasia that you are likely to hear in the euthanasia debate. A deeper introspection of the euthanasia pros and cons has to be done, and only then can we decide whether the same has a place in our civil society or not.